Whole-Farm Revenue Protection Guidance for Lenders

Whole-Farm Revenue Protection
Whole-Farm Revenue Protection (WFRP) is a federally-reinsured insurance product that provides a risk management safety net for all commodities on the farm under one insurance policy. This insurance plan is tailored for any farm with up to $17 million in insured revenue, including farms with specialty or organic commodities (both crops and livestock), or those marketing to local, regional, farm-identity preserved, specialty, or direct markets.
WFRP is available in all counties in all 50 states.
Insurance Period
Coverage is provided for the duration of the producer’s tax year (the insurance period). The insurance period is a calendar year if taxes are filed by calendar year, or a fiscal year if taxes are filed by fiscal year.

WFRP protects farms against the loss of farm revenue the farm earns or expects to earn from:

  • Commodities, including Industrial Hemp, produced during the insurance period, whether they are sold or not;
  • Commodities purchased for resale during the insurance period; and
  • All commodities on the farm except timber, forest, and forest products; and animals for sport, show, or pets.

The policy also provides replant coverage:

  • For annual crops, except Industrial Hemp and those covered by another Federal crop insurance policy;
  • Equal to the cost of replanting up to a maximum of 20 percent of the expected revenue multiplied by coverage level; and
  • When 20 percent or 20 acres of the crop needs to be replanted.

The approved revenue amount is the lower of the expected revenue or the allowable whole-farm historic average revenue. Coverage levels range from 50 percent to 85 percent. Catastrophic Risk Protection (CAT) coverage is not available.

Farm diversification is calculated to determine:

  • The amount of premium rate discount to account for the lower risk due to farm diversification; and
  • The subsidy amount:
    • Farms with 2 or more commodities receive a whole-farm premium subsidy.
    • Farms with one commodity receive an enterprise premium subsidy.

WFRP insurance can be purchased alone or with other Federal crop insurance policies. When WFRP is purchased with another Federal crop insurance policy, at a buy-up level (additional coverage), the WFRP premium may be reduced due to the coverage provided by the other policy. If the producer has other Federal crop insurance policies at catastrophic coverage levels, their WFRP premium will not be reduced.

WFRP “insured revenue” is the total amount of insurance coverage provided by this policy. The crop insurance agent and approved insurance provider determine the farm’s
“approved revenue” using the following information:

  • Whole-Farm History Report;
  • Farm Operation Report;
  • Information regarding growth of the farm; and
  • The coverage level (50-85 percent) multiplied by the approved revenue is the insured revenue amount.
 Coverage Level
Commodity Count (minimum Required)
Maximum Farm Approved Revenue
85 1 $20,000,000
80 1 $21,250,000
75 1 $22,666,667
70 1 $24,285,714
65 1 $26,153,846
60 1 $28,333,333
55 1 $30,909,091
50 1 $34,000,000

The Commodity Count in the table above is a measure of the farm’s diversification, determined by the policy. The calculation determines the minimum proportion of revenue a commodity must contribute to the farm to be considered a commodity for WFRP. A farm’s revenue would be evenly distributed if an equal percentage of revenue came from each commodity produced, for example, 25 percent from corn, 25 percent from soybeans, 25 percent from spinach, and 25 percent from carrots. The minimum proportion to be considered a countable commodity is one-third of that amount. In this example, for corn, soybeans, spinach, or carrots to each county, each commodity would have to make up at least 8.3 percent of the total revenue of the farm to count as a commodity under WFRP. Commodities with revenue below the minimum will be grouped together in order to recognize farm diversification (this will make the commodity count higher).

The Maximum Farm Approved Revenue represents the maximum approved revenue for a farm to be eligible for WFRP given the $17 million maximum liability allowed.

Producer Eligibility

Eligibility for WFRP coverage requires the producer to:

  • Be eligible to receive Federal benefits;
  • Be a U.S. citizen or resident;
  • File either a Schedule F tax form or other farm tax form that can be converted to a Substitute Schedule F for a specified number of years (see information producers provide below:
  • Have no more than $17 million in insured revenue, which is the farm revenue allowed to be insured under the policy multiplied by the coverage level producers select (see table above)
    • Coverage of expected revenue from animals and animal products, excluding aquaculture commodities, is limited to $2 million;
    • Coverage of expected revenue from greenhouse and nursery, excluding aquaculture commodities, is limited to $2 million;
  • Have no more than 50 percent of total revenue from commodities purchased for resale;
  • Meet the diversification requirements of the policy by having two or more commodities, if the farm has a commodity that has revenue protection or actual revenue history insurance available; and
  • Meet the diversification requirements of the policy by having two or more commodities, if there are potatoes on the farm.
Producer Information Required

Producers must provide the following documents, similar to what would be necessary for a farm loan, to a crop insurance agent to get WFRP insurance:

  • 5 consecutive years of Schedule F or other farm tax forms (it must be possible to complete a Substitute Schedule F form if the producer filed farm tax forms other than Schedule F). For the 2024 policy year, tax forms from 2018-2022 are required except:
    • If a producer qualifies as a Beginning or Veteran Farmer or Rancher (BFR/VFR) or qualified as a BFR/VFR in the previous year under our procedures, they may qualify with 3 consecutive years (4 years if qualified the previous year) of Schedule F or other farm tax forms if they also farmed during the past year (it must be possible to complete a Substitute Schedule F form if the producer filed farm tax forms other than Schedule F). For the 2024 policy year, tax forms from 2020-2022 (2019-2022 if qualified as a BFR/VFR the previous year) are required and the producer also must have farmed during 2023;
    • If a producer was physically unable to farm for 1 of the 5 required historic years but farmed the past year, they may qualify; or
    • If a producer is a tax-exempt entity (such as a Tribal entity) and has acceptable third-party records available that can be used to complete Substitute Schedule F tax forms for the 5-year history.
  • Information supporting expansion if the producer wants the farm to be considered as an expanding operation due to the farm operation physically expanding last year or the coming year, including increased acres, added equipment such as a greenhouse, new varieties or planting patterns, or anything else that expands production capacity (other than just a change in price); and
  • Any other supporting information required, including other signed tax forms, to show the farm tax forms are accurate and were filed with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
Growing Farm Operations

Operations that have been expanding over time may be allowed to increase their approved revenue amount based on an indexing procedure. If the producer can show that the operation has physically expanded (land, animals, facilities, or production capacity) so it has the potential to produce up to 35 percent more revenue than the historic average, the Approved Insurance Provider may approve the operation as an expanding operation to reflect that growth in the insurance guarantee.

If the producer can show that the operation has physically expanded based solely on certified organic production, the Approved Insurance Provider may approve the operation as an expanding operation up to the higher of 35 percent or $500,000 more than the historic average.

Prices and Yields
Prices used to value commodities must be based on the guidelines for prices in the policy. Organic prices that meet the policy requirements are allowed for valuing organic commodities. Yields used for commodities must be established based on the guidelines for yields in the policy.
Market Readiness Operations and Post Production Costs
Federal crop insurance is generally allowed to cover commodities to the edge of the field. However, market readiness operations such as on-farm activities that occur in or near the field and are the minimum needed to remove the commodity from the field and make it market ready can be left in the allowable revenue. The cost from all other post production operations not considered market readiness operation must be removed from the allowable revenue, including activities that increase the value of a commodity such as canning, freezing, and processing activities.

Replant payments are made within 30 days of a replant claim, upon agreement to the amount by the Approved Insurance Provider and the producer.

Claims are settled after taxes are filed for the insurance year. A loss under the WFRP policy occurs when the WFRP revenue-to-count for the insured year falls below the WFRP insured revenue. Revenue-to-count for the insured year is:

  • Revenue from the tax form for the insured year that is “allowable revenue” according to the policy;
  • Adjusted by excluding inventory from commodities sold that were produced in previous years;
  • Adjusted by including the value of commodities produced that have not yet been harvested or sold; and
  • Any other adjustments required by the policy such as those from uninsured causes of loss.
Causes of Loss
WFRP provides protection against the loss of insured revenue due to an unavoidable natural cause of loss which occurs during the insurance period. WFRP will also provide carryover loss coverage if the producer is insured the following year. See the policy for a list of covered causes of loss.
When Claims are Made and Paid
Claims may be assigned to creditors, as determined by the producer. Claims can be made any time after farm tax forms are submitted to the IRS. However, they must be made no later than 60 days after the date a producer’s farm tax forms are submitted to the IRS. Claim payments for a revenue loss under WFRP are paid within 30 days after the determination of a payment due as long as the producer is in compliance with the policy.
Important Dates

Sales Closing, Cancellation, and Termination Dates

Calendar Year and Early Fiscal Year Filers: January 31, February 28, or March 15 (by county)

Late Fiscal Year Filers – November 20

Revised Farm Operation Report Dates

All Counties – July 15

Premium Subsidy
Farms with two or more commodities will receive a whole-farm premium subsidy as long as the minimum diversification requirements are met. Farms with one commodity will receive the enterprise premium subsidy.
Buying Whole-Farm Revenue Protection
Whole-Farm Revenue Protection is available for sale from a crop insurance agent by the sales closing date shown for each county and tax filer type in the actuarial documents at: AIB Landing Page (usda.gov). A list of crop insurance agents is available at all USDA service centers and on the RMA website at www.rma.usda.gov/Information-Tools/Agent-Locator.

  National Office

  • USDA/RMA/Stop 0801/Room 2004-South
    1400 Independence Ave. SW
    Washington, DC 20250
  • Email: FPAC.BC.Press@usda.gov

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This fact sheet gives only a general overview of the crop insurance program and is not a complete policy. For further information and an evaluation of your risk management needs, contact a crop insurance agent
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