Margin Protection for Federal Crop Insurance

Margin Protection
Margin Protection provides you coverage against an unexpected decrease in your operating margin (revenue less input costs). Margin Protection is area-based, using county-level estimates of average revenue and input costs to establish the amount of coverage and indemnity payments. Because Margin Protection is area-based (average for a county), it may not reflect your individual experience. A payment may be made when the harvest margin for the county is lower than the trigger margin due to a decrease in revenue and/or an increase in input costs. Margin Protection will cover a portion of that shortfall.
Eligible Insurance Plans
Margin Protection can be purchased by itself, or in conjunction with a Yield Protection or Revenue Protection policy purchased from the same Approved Insurance Provider that issued the Margin Protection policy. If you buy a Yield Protection or Revenue Protection policy, you will receive a Margin Protection premium credit to reflect that indemnity payments from one policy can offset payments from the other. You may buy any optional coverages or endorsements available for the base policy, except the Supplemental Coverage Option and Enhanced Coverage Option are not allowed on the crop if you purchase Margin Protection.
Important Dates
Sales Closing Date
Corn, Soybeans, and Spring Wheat ........................... September 30
Rice ...................................................... Varies by State and County

Coverage Availability

Margin Protection is available in select counties for corn, rice, soybeans, and wheat in the states listed below.

Rice Corn Wheat
All states except Alaska and Hawaii
  North Dakota
Mississippi   South Dakota
Maryland Oklahoma
Michigan Pennsylvania
Minnesota South Carolina
Mississippi South Dakota
Missouri Tennessee
Montana Texas
Nebraska Vermont
New Jersey Virginia
New York West Virginia
North Carolina Wisconsin
North Dakota  
Coverage Levels and Premium Subsidies

Margin Protection provides coverage that is based on an expected margin for each applicable crop, type, and practice.

Expected Margin = Expected Revenue – Expected Costs, where:

  • Expected revenue (per acre) is the expected county yield multiplied by a projected commodity price; and
  • Expected cost (per acre) is the dollar amount determined by multiplying the quantity of each allowed input by the input’s projected price.

Trigger Margin = Expected Margin – Deductible, where the deductible is 1.00 minus the coverage level multiplied by the expected revenue.

Coverage levels are offered from 70 to 95%. A higher level of coverage will have a higher premium rate. You may also choose to purchase Margin Protection with the Harvest Price Option (MP-HPO). Under MP-HPO, if the harvest price exceeds the projected price, the expected revenue used in setting trigger margins is reset based on the harvest price.

Loss Payments

A loss may be paid if the harvest margin is less than the trigger margin. If there is a loss paid under your Yield Protection or Revenue Protection policy, the indemnity amount from that policy will be subtracted from any loss under your Margin Protection policy.

Determining the Margin

When determining the margin, two types of inputs are considered, those subject to price change as listed below, and those not subject to price change (i.e., fixed from planting to harvest). Inputs not subject to price change are not specifically identified, but include, seed, machinery, operating costs (other than fuel), and similar expenses. Inputs subject to price change are identified in the Margin Provisions and include the following:

Crop Allowed Inputs Subject to Price Change
Corn Diesel, Urea, Diammonium Phosphate price (DAP), Potash, Interest
Soybeans Diesel, DAP, Potash, Interest
Rice Diesel, Urea, DAP, Potash, Interest
Wheat Diesel, Urea, Monoammonium Phosphate (MAP), Potash, Interest

Any indemnities owed will be paid when final county yields are available, in the spring of the following year.

Insurable Types and Practices
All types and practices that are insurable for corn, rice, soybeans, and spring wheat in the respective county is listed in the Margin Protection actuarial documents.
Where to Buy Crop Insurance
All Federal reinsured crop insurance policies, including Margin Protection policies, are available from authorized crop insurance agents. The purchase must be made before the Margin Protection sales closing date, which for most MP crops is earlier than traditional spring crop insurance policy sales closing dates.
For More Information
Contact your crop insurance agent. If you do not have a crop insurance agent, a list of crop insurance agents is available on the RMA website by using the RMA Agent Locator at
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Visit our online fact sheets page.

  National Office

  • USDA/RMA/Stop 0801/Room 2004-South
    1400 Independence Ave. SW
    Washington, DC 20250
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This fact sheet gives only a general overview of the crop insurance program and is not a complete policy. For further information and an evaluation of your risk management needs, contact a crop insurance agent
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