Department of Agriculture
Risk Management Agency Fact Sheet
Washington National Office — Washington,DC
Revised October 2015
Livestock Gross Margin Insurance Dairy Cattle
- Livestock Gross Margin
The Livestock Gross Margin Insurance Plan for Dairy Cattle (LGM-Dairy) provides protection when feed costs rise or milk prices drop and can be tailored to any size farm. Gross margin is the market value of milk minus feed costs. LGM-Dairy uses futures prices for corn, soybean meal, and milk to determine the expected gross margin and the actual gross margin. LGM-Dairy is similar to buying both a call option to limit higher feed costs and a put option to set a floor on milk prices.
Only milk sold for commercial or private sale and primarily intended for final human consumption from dairy cattle fed in the states listed below is eligible for coverage. There is no minimum number of hundredweights you can insure. The maximum amount of milk that can be insured is 24 million pounds per crop year.
Prices for LGM-Dairy are based on simple averages of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group futures contract daily settlement prices, and are not based on the prices you receive at the market.
A premium subsidy is available for those policies that insure multiple months during the insurance period. The subsidy amount is determined by a dollar deductible the you choose (ranges from $0—$2 in $0.10 increments). If you choose a $0 deductible you receive a lower premium subsidy (18 percent) and if you choose the highest deductible of $2 you receive a higher premium subsidy (50 percent). The premium is due at the end of the coverage period. LGM premiums depend on your marketing plan, coverage you choose, deductible level, and futures and price volatility.
LGM-Dairy is available to any producer who owns dairy cattle in the 48 contiguous states.
Producers enrolled in the Farm Service Agency Margin Protection Program for Dairy (MPP-Dairy) are prohibited by law from participating in the LGM-Dairy program at the same time. The MPP-Dairy program is a one-time enrollment and once enrolled you will no longer be able to buy LGM-Dairy until the MPP-Dairy program ends or is modified.
- Causes of Loss
LGM-Dairy covers the difference between the gross margin guarantee and the actual gross margin. LGM-Dairy does not insure against:
- Dairy cattle death;
- Unexpected decreases in milk production;
- Unexpected increases in feed use;
- Anticipated or multiple-year declines in milk prices; or
- Anticipated or multiple-year increases in feed costs.
- Buying a Policy
You can sign up for LGM-Dairy 12 times each year and insure all of the milk production that you expect to market over a rolling 11-month insurance period. LGM-Dairy is sold on the last business Friday of each month. The sales period begins as soon as the Risk Management Agency (RMA) reviews the data submitted by the developer after the Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group markets close on the last day of the price discovery period. The sales period ends at 8:00 p.m. Central Standard Time the following day. Your premium payment is due at the end of the insurance period. If expected milk and feed prices are not available on the RMA website, LGM-Dairy will not be offered for sale for the insurance period.
The insurance period contains the 11 months following the sales closing date. For example, the insurance period for the January 29 sales closing date contains the months of February through December. Coverage begins the second month of the insurance period, so the coverage period for this example is March through December.
To enroll, you must sign up on the last business Friday of the month. You must also submit an application with a target marketings report for the milk and corn and soybean meal equivalents. You may also choose to use the default values for corn and soybean meal equivalents.
- Indemnity Payments
The indemnity at the end of the 11-month insurance period is the difference, if positive, between the gross margin guarantee and the actual gross margin. If the actual gross margin is less than the expected gross margin (minus the deductible) for the insurance period, an indemnity may be payable.
Actual Marketings - The total amount of milk you sell each month of the insurance period for which there is a proof of sale. Actual marketings are used to verify ownership of milk and determine approved target marketings.
Deductible - The portion of the expected gross margin that you choose not to insure. Allowable deductible amounts range from $0 to $2 per hundredweight, in $0.10 increments. The deductible equals the selected hundredweight deductible multiplied by the sum of target marketings across all months of the insurance period.
Gross Margin Guarantee - The gross margin guarantee for an insurance period is the expected total gross margin for an insurance period minus the deductible.
Loss of Gross Margin - Market value of milk minus feed costs.
Marketing Report - A report you submit on the insurance company’s form showing actual, monthly marketings of milk insured under this policy. The marketing report must be accompanied by copies of sales receipts that provide records of the actual marketings shown on the marketing report.
Target Marketings - Your determination of the number of hundredweight of milk insured each month during the insurance period. Only the hundredweight of milk in which you have a share can be reported.
Target Marketings Report - A report that you submit on the insurance company’s form showing the target marketings for each month.
- For More Information
- Where to Buy Crop Insurance
All multi-peril crop insurance, including Catastrophic Risk Protection policies, are available from private crop insurance agents. A list of crop insurance agents is available at all USDA service centers and on the RMA website at Agent Locator.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, complete, sign and mail a program discrimination complaint form, (available at any USDA office location or online at www.ascr.usda.gov), to: United States Department of Agriculture; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights; 1400 Independence Ave., SW; Washington, DC 20250-9410. Or call toll free at (866) 632- 9992 (voice) to obtain additional information, the appropriate office or to request documents. Individuals who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have speech disabilities may contact USDA through the Federal Relay service at (800) 877-8339 or (800) 845-6136.
This fact sheet gives only a general overview of the crop insurance program and is not a complete policy. For further information and an evaluation of your risk management needs, contact a crop insurance agent.